Andrew L. Cooksy
Professor, Chemical Physics
Associate Director, Computational Sciences Research Center
Interim Department Chair
office: GMCS 209
- B.A., chemistry and physics, Harvard College, 1984
- Ph.D., chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, 1990 (Richard J. Saykally)
- Postdoctoral Research Associate, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (Patrick Thaddeus) and Harvard University Department of Chemistry (William Klemperer), 1990-1993
- University of Mississippi Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, 1993-1999
- NSF CAREER Award recipient, 1995
- San Diego State University Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, 1999-
- Visiting Scientist, Oxford University (John M. Brown), 2005-2006
- Northrop-Grumman Excellence in Teaching Award, 2010
- Senate Excellence in Teaching Award, SDSU College of Sciences, 2011
- Visiting Scientist, MIT (William H. Green), 2012-2013
- Chem 410A: Physical Chemistry I (410A evaluations)
- Chem 410B: Physical Chemistry II (410B evaluations)
- Chem 711: Chemical Thermodynamics (711 evaluations)
- Chem 713: Quantum Chemistry (713 evaluations)
(image by C. Cheng, CS689)
Our work focuses on reactive intermediates in combustion and interstellar chemistry, as investigated by laser spectroscopy and computational quantum mechanics. Collaborative work has included studies of spectroscopic theory, chemical catalysis, and organometallic spectra and reactivity.
Molecular free radicals are crucial to the chemistry of combustion, the upper atmosphere, polymerization, and interstellar molecular clouds. We are interested in the physical and chemical properties of these molecules, particularly those containing conjugated π-electron systems, such as HC3O and C4H, because the delocalized orbitals can confer surprising dynamic and reactive properties to these systems.
High Resolution Spectroscopy of Free Radicals
In our experimental work, we search for new spectra of small hydrocarbon or other first-row element free radicals in the infrared regions of the spectrum in order to characterize these dynamic properties. Our mid-infrared quantum cascade laser spectrometer uses a 2-meter 20-pass White cell as the sample chamber. With this system we search for strong stretching transitions in the free radicals, and then probe the isomerization coordinate by examining hot band and combination band spectra to obtain measurements at high resolution of the interesting vibrational dynamics of these molecules. These studies were originally supported by one of the first NSF CAREER awards, and is currently funded by the Army Research Office.
Computational Studies of Free Radical Structures and Dynamics
We are engaged in concurrent ab initio computational studies of these and larger molecules to investigate the relative stability of the competing structures, and their effect on the chemistry. These ab initio calculations guide the laboratory measurements of the energy level structure, geometry, and chemistry of these molecules, as well as offering information for the kinetic models of the highly complex chemical environments found in combustion and interstellar space.
Previous work in our group along these lines included studies of the mechanisms behind the elctrocyclic ring-closure of cyclopentadienyl radical (C5H5) and the vibrational dynamics of cyclooctatetraenyl (C8H7), including its effective isomerization from one structure to another under specific vibrational excitations.
Recognizing the need for a general, easily mastered way to study these complex vibrational dynamics, we've recently published a protocol for the integration of the vibrational Schrödinger equation on an arbitrary potential energy surface. This work formed the doctoral work of Dong Xu, one of SDSU's first two PhD students in Computational Sciences, and now a professor at Idaho State University. PhD student Peter Zajac extended that work by implementing periodic boundary conditions and a powerful interpolation engine, allowing users to input point-wise PES maps without first resorting to analytical fits.
Current work with Prof. Doug Grotjahn strives to understand the activity of organometallic catalysts synthesized in his lab. To model the transformation of a π-complexed alkyne into vinylidene on one of these catalysts, we mapped the reaction surface of the complex in two dimensions, finding an unexpected parallel in our previous work on multiple minima on vibrational surfaces of free radicals. We are in the midst of an exhaustive analysis of a system that catalyzes the formation of aldehyde from alkyne and water, finding that Grotjahn's signature heterocyclic ligands play a major role in the dynamics by providing a basic chemical environment to stabilize the relocation of hydrogen atoms. This project is funded by the National Science Foundation.
We have also contributed to several studies by Prof. Hani Amouri of the CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) in Paris. Prof. Amouri assembles organometallic complexes, often with two or more metal atoms, in a search for novel optoelectronic materials and nanostructures. Our work has supported the interpretation of spectroscopic and x-ray data by modeling characteristics of the molecular orbitals and intramolecular interactions.
Bridging Experiment and Theory
The complex interactions among the spin and orbital magnetic fields of unpaired electrons and the rotational, vibrational, and nuclear angular momenta in these molecules also means that we sometimes work at the limits of present spectroscopic theory. Work from a sabbatical with the late Prof. John M. Brown at Oxford University involved the first combined analysis of the lowest vibrational bending states in the NCO radical. NCO is a prototype example of the Renner-Teller effect, in this case the strong interaction between the two electronic states formed when the Π state symmetry of the linear is broken upon bending. To complete this analysis, we used third-order perturbation theory to derive additional contributions to the effective Hamiltonian, which is still growing after 70 years.
We gratefully acknowledge funding for past and current work from the Army Research Office, the National Science Foundation, the Petroleum Research Fund of the American Chemical Society, the Exxon Education Foundation, and the San Diego Foundation.
Books and Book Chapters
- Physical Chemistry: Quantum Chemistry and Molecular Interactions, Andrew Cooksy, Pearson Education Inc., Boston 2013.
- Physical Chemistry: Thermodynamics, Statistical Mechanics, and Kinetics, Andrew Cooksy, Pearson Education Inc., Boston 2013.
- “Vibrational energies and partition functions,” by Andrew L. Cooksy, in Mathematical Physics in Theoretical Chemistry, S. M. Blinder and J. E. House, eds., Elsevier, Amsterdam 2019.
- "Kinetic Stability of Si2C5H2 Isomer with A Planar Tetracoordinate Carbon Atom,"
Krishnan Thirumoorthy, Vijayanand Chandrasekaran, Andrew L. Cooksy, Venkatesan S. Thimmakondu,
Chemistry (in press) (2021).
- "Origins of High Kinetic (E)-selectivity in Alkene Isomerization by a CpRu(PN) Catalyst; a Combined Experimental and Computational Approach,"
Thomas C. Cao, Andrew L. Cooksy, and Douglas B. Grotjahn,
ACS Catal. 10, 15250-15258 (2020). (doi: 10.1021/acscatal.0c03497.)
- "Unifying Mechanism Involving Electron Affinity of Conjugated Imine as Anti-Cancer Agents and Miscellaneous Drugs: Reactive Oxygen Species, Oxidative Stress, and Electron Transfer,"
Peter Kovacic, Harrison Rojak Pearce, Andrew Cooksy, and Wil Weston,
Scientia Ricerca 4, 38-51 (2020).
- "Si2C5H2 Isomers — Search Algorithms Versus Chemical Intuition,"
Krishnan Thirumoorthy, Andrew Cooksy, and Venkatesan Samy Thimmakondu,
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 22, 5865-5872 (2020). (doi: 10.1039/C9CP06145B.)
- "Theoretical Studies of SiC4H2 Isomers Delineate Three Low-Lying Silylidenes Are Missing in the Laboratory,"
Nisha Job, Amir Karton, Krishnan Thirumoorthy, Andrew L. Cooksy, and Venkatesan Samy Thimmakondu,
J. Phys. Chem. A 124, 987-1002 (2020). (doi: 10.1021/acs.jpca.9b1174.)
- "Tuning Internal Strain in Metal—Organic Frameworks via Vapor Phase Infiltration for CO2 Reduction,"
Jing Gu, Fan Yang, Wenhui Hu, Chongqing Yang, Margaret Patrick, Andrew L. Cooksy, Jian Zhang, Jeffery A. Aguiar, Cheng-cheng Fang, Yinghua Zhou, Ying Shirley Meng, Jier Huang,
Angew. Chem. 59, 4572–4580 (2020). (doi: 10.1002/anie.202000022.)
- "Dynamic π-Bonding of Imidazolyl Substituent in a Formally 16-Electron Cp*Ru(κ2-P,N)+ Catalyst Allows Dramatic Rate Increases in (E)-Selective Monoisomerization of Alkenes,"
Erik R. Paulson, Curtis E. Moore, Arnold L. Rheingold, David P. Pullman, Ryan W. Sindewald, Andrew L. Cooksy, and Douglas B. Grotjahn,
ACS Catal. 9, 7217-7231 (2019). (doi: 10.1021/acscatal.8b04345.)
- "Unique Class of Enantiopure N-Heterocyclic Carbene Half-Sandwich Iridium(III) Complexes with Stable Configurations: Probing Five-Membered versus Six-Membered Iridacycles,"
Antoine Groue, Jean-Philippe Tranchier, Marie-Noelle Rager, Geoffrey Gontard, Marion Jean, Nicolas Vanthuyne, Harrison R. Pearce, Andrew L. Cooksy, and Hani Amouri,
Inorg. Chem. 58, 2930-2933 (2019). (doi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.8b03469.)
- "Capturing a Square Planar Gold(III) Complex Inside a Platinum Nanocage: A Combined Experimental and Theoretical Study,"
Emmanuel Puig, Christophe Desmarets, Geoffrey Gontard, Marie Noelle Rager, Andrew Cooksy, and Hani Haniel Amouri,
Inorg. Chem. 58, 3189-3195 (2019). (doi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.8b03272.)
- "Catalyst versus Substrate Control of Forming (E)-2-Alkenes from 1-Alkenes Using Bifunctional Ruthenium Catalysts,"
Erik R. Paulson, Esteban Delgado, III, Andrew L. Cooksy, and Douglas B. Grotjahn,
Org. Process Res. Dev. 22, 1672-1682 (2018). (doi: 10.1021/acs.oprd.8b00315.)
- "Electronic modifications of fluorescent cytidine analogues control photophysics and fluorescent responses to base stacking and pairing,"
Kristine L. Teppang, Raymond W. Lee, Dillon D. Burns, M. Benjamin Turner, Melissa E. Lokensgard, Michael Coste, Andrew L. Cooksy, and Byron W. Purse,
Chem. Eur. J. 24, 1-12 (2018). (doi: 10.1002/chem.201803653.)
- "Computational Search for Metastable High-Spin C5Hn (n=4,5,6) Species,"
Maria G. Moreno-Armenta, Harrison Rojak Pearce, Pierre Winter, and Andrew L. Cooksy,
Comput. Theor. Chem. 1140, 1-6 (2018). (doi: 10.1016/j.comptc.2018.07.010.)
- "C2-symmetric sulfonamides as homogeneous and heterogeneous organocatalysts that mimic enzymes in enantioselective Michael additions,"
Harold Cruz, Felipe A. Serván, Domingo Madrigal, Daniel Chávez, Sergio Perez-Sicairos, Gerardo Aguirre, Andrew L. Cooksy, and Ratnasamy Somanathan,
Chirality 30, 1036-1044 (2018). (doi:10.1002/chir.22984.)
- "RRKM and Master Equation Kinetic Analysis of Parallel Addition Reactions of Isomeric Radical Intermediates in Hydrocarbon Flames,"
Pierre M. Winter, Michael Rheaume, and Andrew L. Cooksy,
J. Chem. Phys. 147, 054306/1-9 (2017). (doi: 10.1063/1.4996557.)
- "Chiral Two Bladed ML2 Metallamacrocycles: Design, Structures and Solution Behavior,"
Hannah Soudry, Christophe Desmarets, Geoffrey Gontard, Tiffany Edgington, Andrew L. Cooksy, and Hani Amouri,
Dalton Trans. 46, 10240-10245 (2017). (doi: 10.1039/C7DT01151B.)
- "An Unexpected, Latent Radical Reaction of Methane Propagated by Trifluoromethyl Radicals,"
Nima Zargari, Pierre Winter, Yong Liang, Joo Ho Lee, Andrew Cooksy, Kendall N. Houk, and Kyung Woon Jung,
J. Org. Chem. 81, 9820-9825 (2016). (doi:10.1021/acs.joc.6b01903.)
- "Examination of Oxygen Atom Transfer Reactivity of Heteroscorpionate Dioxo-Mo(VI) Complexes: Geometric Isomers, Solvent Effect, Intermediates, and Catalytic Oxidation,"
Ba L. Tran, Amy Arita, Andrew L. Cooksy and Carl J. Carrano,
Inorg. Chim. Acta 447, 45-51 (2016). (doi:10.1016/j.ica.2016.03.035.)
- "Highly Phosphorescent Crystals of Square Planar Pt (R-terpy) Complexes with Chiral Organometallic Linkers : Homochiral versus Heterochiral Arrangements, Induced Circular Dichroism and TD-DFT Calculations,"
Hugo Sesolis, Julien Dubarle-Offner, Carmen K. M. Chan, Emmanuel Puig, Geoffrey Gontard, Pierre Winter, Andrew L. Cooksy, Vivian W.W. Yam, and Hani Amouri,
Chem. Eur. J. 22, 8032-8037 (2016). (doi:10.1002/chem.201601161.)
- "Vibrationally Excited C3H and C4H,"
Andrew L. Cooksy, C. A. Gottlieb, T. C. Killian, P. Thaddeus, Oscar Martinez, Jr., Kyle N. Crabtree, and M. C. McCarthy,
Astrophys. J. Supp. Ser. 216 (2015). (doi: 10.1088/0067-0049/216/2/30.)
- "Oxygen-Chlorine Interactions in the Transition State of Asymmetric Michael Additions of Carbonyl Compounds to β-Nitrostyrene,"
José A. Romero, Angélica Navarrate, Felipe A. Serván, Domingo Madrigal, Andrew L. Cooksy, Gerardo Aguirre, Daniel Chávez, and Ratnasamy Somanathan,
Tet. Asym. 25, 997-1001 (2014). (doi: 10.1016/j.tetasy.2014.05.002.)
- "Encapsulation of a Metal Complex within a Self-Assembled Nanocage: Synergy Effects, Molecular Structures and DFT Calculations,"
Christophe Desmarets, Geoffrey Gontard, Andrew Cooksy, Marie-Noelle Rager, and Hani Haniel Amouri,
Inorg. Chem. 53, 4287-4294 (2014). (doi: 10.1021/ic402539x.)
- "How Do Proximal Hydroxy or Methoxy Groups on the Bidentate Ligand Affect [(2,2;6,2"-Terpyridine)Ru-(N,N)X] Water-Oxidation Catalysts? Synthesis, Characterization, and Reactivity at Acidic and Near-Neutral pH,"
David C. Marelius, Salome Bhagan, David J. Charboneau, Kristine M. Schroeder, Jayneil M. Kamdar, Amanda R. McGettigan, Benjamin J. Freeman, Curtis E. Moore, Arnold L. Rheingold, Andrew L. Cooksy, Diane K. Smith, Jared J. Paul, Elizabeth T. Papish, and Douglas B. Grotjahn,
Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2014, 676-689 (2014). (doi:10.1002/ejic.201300826.)
- "Electrochemical Evidence for Intermolecular Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer through a H-bond Complex in a p-Phenylenediamine-based Urea. Introduction of the "Wedge Scheme'' as a Useful Means to Describe Reactions of this Type,"
Laurie Clare, An Pham, Francine Magdaleno, Jacqueline Acosta, Jessica Woods, Andrew Cooksy, and Diane Smith,
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135, 18930-18941 (2013). (doi: 10.1021/ja410061x.)
- "Computational Study of the Extensive Role of Heterocyclic Ligands in Acetylene Hydration by a Bifunctional Organometallic Catalyst,"
Amy J. Arita, Janet Cantada, Douglas B. Grotjahn, and Andrew L. Cooksy,
Organometallics 32, 6867-6870 (2013). (doi: 10.1021/om400445n.)
- "Π-Bonded Dithiolene Complexes: Synthesis, Molecular Structures, Electrochemical Behavior, and Density Functional Theory Calculations,"
Aurelie Damas, Lise-Marie Chamoreau, Andrew L. Cooksy, Anny Jutand, and Hani Amouri,
Inorg. Chem. 52, 1409-1417 (2013). (doi: 10.1021/ic302128q.)
M.S. Theses and Ph.D. Dissertations
- Pierre Winter, M.S. 2016. Computational analysis of the thermodynamics and kinetics of hydrocarbon radical intermediates.
- Peter Zajac, Ph.D. 2013. Globally Accessible Finite Element Method based Web-Solver for the Vibrational Schodinger Equation and its Application to HC3O Carbon Chain Free Radical, ZnCl2+ and Hydroxyacetaldehyde Vibrational Dynamics in Polyatomic Molecules and Free Radicals.
- Dong Xu, Ph.D. 2007. FEMvib, an Ab Initio Multi-Dimensional Solver for Probing Vibrational Dynamics in Polyatomic Molecules and Free Radicals.
- Christopher D. Uranga, M.S. 2007. Characterization of Spectrometers for Infrared Spectroscopy of Free Radicals.
- Raymond L. Lui, M.S. 2005. Computational Study of Aqueous Reactions in Vitamin E Regeneration.
- Christopher Hinton, M.S. 2004. Computational Study of Carbon Radicals: C9H9 and HCnO.
- Roger Wong, M.S. 2004. Construction and Characterization of an Infrared Laser Spectrometer for Free Radicals.
- Dong Xu, M.S. 2003. Ab Initio Study of The Torsional Motion in Tolane
- Claudia L. Parker, Ph.D. 2000. Ab Initio and Spectroscopic Examination of Butadienyl Free Radicals.
- Haibo Wang, M.S. 1996. Ab Initio Calculations and Spectroscopy of Free Radicals.